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美というものは、芸術と人間の霊魂の問題である

パーセル『ディドとエアネス(Dido and Aeneas)』イギリスオペラ

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 17世紀イングランドの作曲家ヘンリー・パーセル(Henry Purcell)によるオペラである。フーガが特徴的な序曲は、バロック音楽らしく厳粛な響き。
 イギリス人が作曲し、且つ英語で上演されるオペラはパーセル以降、ベンジャミン・ブリテンの時代まで表舞台にでることがなかった。本作品は数少ない真の意味での「イギリスオペラ」なのである。
 また16~17世紀のイングランドでは「劇」が主流であって、音楽はドラマに従属する存在でしかなかった。そうした中でも『ディドとエアネス』は、歌が主要な役割を担い感情を音楽で表現するという意味で、劇とは一線を画していた。

【対訳】
Scene: The Palace
BELINDA
Shake the cloud from off your brow, Fate your wishes does allow; Empire growing, Pleasures flowing, Fortune smiles and so should you.
あなたの表情を曇らすものを振り払いましょう。あなたの運命がそれを許します。帝国は繁栄し、喜びに満ちています。幸運が笑いかけるのだから、あなたも笑ってください。
CHORUS
Banish sorrow, banish care, Grief should ne'er approach the fair.
哀しみと心配事よ、消えてしまえ。絶望が2度と彼女を襲いませんように。
DIDO
Ah! Belinda, I am prest With torment not to be Confest, Peace and I are strangers grown. I languish till my grief is known, Yet would not have it guest.
あぁ、ベリンダ。私は告白できない苦しみで沈んでいる。私は平和を知らずに育った。哀しみを打ち明けるまで、私は弱り続けるだろう。しかし、打ち明けることはしない。
BELINDA
Grief increases by concealing,
哀しみは隠すことによって強まります。
DIDO
Mine admits of no revealing.
私が打ち明けることを許さないの。
BELINDA
Then let me speak; the Trojan guest Into your tender thoughts has prest; The greatest blessing Fate can give Our Carthage to secure and Troy revive.
ならば言わせてください。
CHORUS
When monarchs unite, how happy their state, They triumph at once o'er their foes and their fate.
DIDO
Whence could so much virtue spring? What storms, what battles did he sing? Anchises' valour mixt with Venus' charms How soft in peace, and yet how fierce in arms!
BELINDA
A tale so strong and full of woe Might melt the rocks as well as you. What stubborn heart unmov'd could see Such distress, such piety?
DIDO
Mine with storms of care opprest Is taught to pity the distrest. Mean wretches' grief can touch, So soft, so sensible my breast, But ah! I fear, I pity his too much.
BELINDA and SECOND WOMAN
 Fear no danger to ensue, The Hero Loves as well as you, Ever gentle, ever smiling, And the cares of life beguiling, Cupid strew your path with flowers Gather'd from Elysian bowers.
 BELINDA
See, your Royal Guest appears, How Godlike is the form he bears!
AENEAS
When, Royal Fair, shall I be blest With cares of love and state distrest?
DIDO
Fate forbids what you pursue.
AENEAS
Aeneas has no fate but you! Let Dido smile and I'll defy The feeble stroke of Destiny.
CHORUS
Cupid only throws the dart That's dreadful to a warrior's heart, And she that wounds can only cure the smart.
AENEAS
If not for mine, for Empire's sake, Some pity on your lover take; Ah! make not, in a hopeless fire A hero fall, and Troy once more expire.
BELINDA
Pursue thy conquest, Love; her eyes Confess the flame her tongue denies.
CHORUS
To the hills and the vales, to the rocks and the mountains To the musical groves and the cool shady fountains. Let the triumphs of love and of beauty be shown, Go revel, ye Cupids, the day is your own.

 

Scene: The Cave 
SORCERESS
Wayward sisters, you that fright The lonely traveller by night Who, like dismal ravens crying, Beat the windows of the dying, Appear! Appear at my call, and share in the fame Of a mischief shall make all Carthage flame. Appear! 
FIRST WITCH
Say, Beldam, say what's thy will.
CHORUS
Harm's our delight and mischief all our skill.
SORCERESS
The Queen of Carthage, whom we hate, As we do all in prosp'rous state, Ere sunset, shall most wretched prove, Depriv'd of fame, of life and love!
CHORUS
Ho, ho, ho, ho, ho, ho! 
TWO WITCHES
Ruin'd ere the set of sun? Tell us, how shall this be done?
SORCERESS
The Trojan Prince, you know, is bound By Fate to seek Italian ground; The Queen and he are now in chase.
FIRST WITCH
Hark! Hark! the cry comes on apace.
SORCERESS
But, when they've done, my trusty Elf In form of Mercury himself As sent from Jove shall chide his stay, And charge him sail tonight with all his fleet away.
CHORUS
Ho, ho, ho, ho, ho, ho! 
TWO WITCHES
But ere we this perform, We'll conjure for a storm To mar their hunting sport And drive 'em back to court.
CHORUS
In our deep vaulted cell the charm we'll prepare, Too dreadful a practice for this open air.

Scene :The Grove
BELINDA
Thanks to these lovesome vales, These desert hills and dales, So fair the game, so rich the sport, Diana's self might to these woods resort.
SECOND WOMAN
Oft she visits this lov'd mountain, Oft she bathes her in this fountain; Here Actaeon met his fate, Pursued by his own hounds, And after mortal wounds Discover'd, discover'd too late. 
AENEAS
Behold, upon my bending spear A monster's head stands bleeding, With tushes far exceeding Those did Venus' huntsman tear.
DIDO
The skies are clouded, hark! how thunder Rends the mountain oaks a sunder.
BELINDA
Haste, haste to town, this open field No shelter from the storm can yield. 
SPIRIT
Stay, Prince and hear great Jove's command; He summons thee this Night away. AENEAS
Tonight?
SPIRIT
Tonight thou must forsake this land, The Angry God will brook no longer stay. Jove commands thee, waste no more In Love's delights, those precious hours, Allow'd by th'Almighty Powers To gain th' Hesperian shore And ruined Troy restore.
AENEAS
Jove's commands shall be obey'd, Tonight our anchors shall be weighed.  But ah! what language can I try My injur'd Queen to Pacify: No sooner she resigns her heart, But from her arms I'm forc'd to part. How can so hard a fate be took? One night enjoy'd, the next forsook. Yours be the blame, ye gods! For I Obey your will, but with more ease could die.
SORCERESS
Then since our Charmes have sped, A Merry Dance be led By the Nymphs of Carthage to please us. They shall all Dance to ease us, A Dance that shall make the Spheres to wonder, Rending those fair Groves asunder.


Scene: The Ships
FIRST SAILOR
Come away, fellow sailors, your anchors be weighing. Time and tide will admit no delaying. Take a bouzy short leave of your nymphs on the shore, And silence their mourning With vows of returning But never intending to visit them more.
SORCERESS
See the flags and streamers curling Anchors weighing, sails unfurling.
FIRST WITCH
Phoebe's pale deluding beams Guilding more deceitful streams.
SECOND WITCH
Our plot has took, The Queen's forsook.
TWO WITCHES
Elissa's ruin'd, ho, ho! Our plot has took, The Queen's forsook, ho, ho!
SORCERESS
Our next Motion Must be to storme her Lover on the Ocean! From the ruin of others our pleasures we borrow, Elissa bleeds tonight, and Carthage flames tomorrow.
CHORUS
Destruction's our delight Delight our greatest sorrow! Elissa dies tonight and Carthage flames tomorrow.


DIDO
Your counsel all is urged in vain To Earth and Heav'n I will complain! To Earth and Heav'n why do I call? Earth and Heav'n conspire my fall. To Fate I sue, of other means bereft The only refuge for the wretched left.
BELINDA
See, Madam, see where the Prince appears; Such Sorrow in his looks he bears As would convince you still he's true. 
AENEAS
What shall lost Aeneas do? How, Royal Fair, shall I impart The God's decree, and tell you we must part?
DIDO
Thus on the fatal Banks of Nile, Weeps the deceitful crocodile Thus hypocrites, that murder act, Make Heaven and Gods the authors of the Fact.
AENEAS
By all that's good ...
DIDO
By all that's good, no more! All that's good you have forswore. To your promis'd empire fly And let forsaken Dido die.
AENEAS
In spite of Jove's command, I'll stay. Offend the Gods, and Love obey.
DIDO
No, faithless man, thy course pursue; I'm now resolv'd as well as you. No repentance shall reclaim The injur'd Dido's slighted flame. For 'tis enough, whate'er you now decree, That you had once a thought of leaving me.
AENEAS
Let Jove say what he will: I'll stay!
DIDO
Away, away! No, no, away!
AENEAS
No, no, I'll stay, and Love obey!
DIDO
To Death I'll fly If longer you delay; Away, away!..... But Death, alas! I cannot shun; Death must come when he is gone.
CHORUS
Great minds against themselves conspire And shun the cure they most desire.
DIDO
Thy hand, Belinda, darkness shades me, On thy bosom let me rest, More I would, but Death invades me; Death is now a welcome guest. When I am laid in earth, May my wrongs create No trouble in thy breast; Remember me, but ah! forget my fate.
CHORUS
With drooping wings you Cupids come, To scatter roses on her tomb. Soft and Gentle as her Heart Keep here your watch, and never part.